تاریخ جهان از ماموت تا فیسبوک20
سِلتها (کِلتها) The Celts
- Homo naledi
- Homo sapiens
- Rising star Cave
- The Celts
- Ellan vannin or mannin
- Gaul گُل منطقهای در غرب اروپا است که امروزه فرانسه، بلژیک، غرب سوییس و بخشهایی از هلند و آلمان - بخش غربی رود راین - در آن قرار دارند.
Celtic religion was tied in with the farming year and nature. Hundreds of gods worshipped under different names throughout the Celtic world. Here are four
The god of Sun and fire, Belenus was associated with the Beltane festival on 1 May, when fires were lit to purify cattle.
Also known as Brigantia, Brigit was goddess of healing, poetry, and fertility. In Ireland she was later adopted as a Christian saint.
This horned god was associated with fertility, nature, harvest, and the underworld.
The goddess Epona was the protector of horses, Roman soldiers adopted her, and built her a temple in Rome.
The world of the druids
Celtic priests were called druids. The druids carried out many rituals and may have offered up human sacrifices to the gods. This picture shows a druid using a golden sickle to cut mistletoe in a grove of oak trees. Mistletoe was a sacred plant to the Celts.
This Celtic head, found at a site near Prague, in the Czech Republic, has staring eyes and a swept-back moustache. Around its neck is a torc the metal neck ring worn by Celtic warriors. The Romans admired the courage of the Celts, but thought they were boastful and drank too heavily.
This chieftain led an army of Gauls to attack Rome in 390 BCE. Guard geese sounded the alarm, but the Romans had to give Brennus gold to make him leave.
From his Welsh hideout, Caractacus resisted the Roman invasion of Britain for six years, but eventually he was captured and taken to Rome.
Queen of the Iceni, a tribe in eastern England, Boudicca led a rebellion against the Romans in 61 CE.
After the Romans
In Gaul and Britain, Celtic culture merged with that of the occupying Romans. After the Romans left, Germanic invaders pushed the surviving Celts back into Brittany in France, and into Wales, and southwest Cornwa Scotland in Britain.
Working in metal
The Celts were skilled craftspeople, working in gold, bronze, and iron. They loved to decorate their metalwork with intricate patterns of circles curves, whorls, and spirals, and with animal and plant motifs.
Groups of Celts invaded the Po Valley in northern Italy and settled there.
The warrior leader Brennus led an army of Gauls to attack and capture the city of Rome.
An army of Celts invaded Greece and sacked the sacred shrine of Delphi.
The Romans defeated the Gauls of northern Italy at the Battle of Telamon.
The Roman general Marius defeated the invading Cimbri at the Battle of Vercellae.
Julius Caesar fought a series of campaigns to conquer Gaul (France and Belgium).
Emperor Claudius sent an army to begin the Roman conquest of Britain.
Boudicca led a revolt of the Celtic tribes of Britain against the invading Romans.
برای ارسال این مطلب به فیسبوک، آیکون زیر را کلیک کنید: