تاریخ جهان از ماموت تا فیسبوک(55)
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- اعدام قائم مقام فراهانی
- «روز وایتانگی» یادآور نیرنگ استعمارگران
- نام خلیج فارس در کتاب «جهان» L'Universe، اثر «لویی ده بو»
- کد مورس برای برای انتقال پیام و اطلاعات
- سید علی محمد باب و ادعای پیامبری
- قحطی سیبزمینی در ایرلند
- بحران خطوط راه آهن در بریتانیا
- توماس ادیسون و اختراع لامپ، و -
- تحولات سال ۱۸۴۸، گستردهترین جنبشهای تاریخ اروپا
تاریخِ جهان از ماموت تا فیسبوک ادامه خواهد داشت
The Communist Manifesto
The Communist Manifesto (originally Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political pamphlet by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The Manifesto was later recognised as one of the world's most influential political manuscripts. The Communist Manifesto summarises Marx and Engels' theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles". It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism.
California Gold Rush
The California Gold Rush was a period in American history which began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found in Coloma, California. The California Gold Rush was a particularly violent period for the new settlers of the Wild West. After the initial boom had ended, explicitly anti-foreign and racist attacks, laws and confiscatory taxes sought to drive out foreigners, especially Chinese and Latin American immigrants...
The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war in China from 1850 to 1864. The war was the largest in China since the Qing conquest in 1644, and ranks as one of the bloodiest wars in human history, the bloodiest civil war, and the largest conflict of the nineteenth century with estimates of war dead ranging from 20 to 70 million dead, as well as millions more displaced...
José Martí was a Cuban patriot, freedom fighter and poet. Although he never lived to see Cuba free, he is considered the national hero. At age sixteen he was imprisoned for opposing Spanish colonial rule during the Ten Years War (1868-1878) and later he was exiled to Spain...
The Crimean War was a military conflict fought between October 1853 – March 1856 in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia...
Florence Nightingale, was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing.
She came to prominence while serving as a manager of nurses trained by her during the Crimean War, where she organised the tending to wounded soldiers. She gave nursing a highly favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of "The Lady with the Lamp" making rounds of wounded soldiers at night...
Convention of Kanagawa
On March 31, 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa or Kanagawa Treaty was the first treaty between the United States of America, and the Empire of Japan, then under the administration of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Signed under threat of force, it effectively meant the end of Japan’s 220-year-old policy of national seclusion (sakoku), by opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American vessels...
The first public meeting where the name "Republican" was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20, 1854 in Wisconsin. The name was partly chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party...
Victor Marie Hugo was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best-known French writers. He is considered one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside France, his best-known works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831...
The Anglo–Persian War lasted between 1856 and 1857, and was fought between Great Britain and Persia (which was at the time ruled by the Qajar dynasty). In the war, the British opposed an attempt by Persia to press its claim on the city of Herat. The war resulted with Persia withdrawing from Herat and signing a new treaty in which it surrendered its claims on the city and the British withdrawing from southern Persia.
Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic and polemicist whose influence on Western theatre, culture and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond. He wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman (1902), Pygmalion (1912) and Saint Joan (1923). With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, and in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was also called India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, or the Sepoy Mutiny. It began on 10 May 1857, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers.
Robert Owen was a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement. He worked in the cotton industry in Manchester before setting up a large mill at New Lanark in Scotland.
Pennsylvania oil rush
The Pennsylvania oil rush was a boom in petroleum production which occurred in northwestern Pennsylvania from 1859 to the early 1870s. It was the first oil boom in the United States.
Charles Darwin/ On the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin is famous for his work on the theory of evolution. His book On the Origin of Species (1859) did two things. First, it provided a great deal of evidence that evolution has taken place. Second, it proposed a theory to explain how evolution works. That theory is natural selection. Evolution by natural selection is the key to understanding biology, and the diversity of life on Earth.
John Brown was an American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States.
The song John Brown's Body made him a martyr and was a popular Union marching song during the Civil War. Brown's actions prior to the Civil War as an abolitionist, and the tactics he chose, still make him a controversial figure today.
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